The „rebirth" of classical antiquity in Europe's history between the 14th and 17th century. This movement took a new approach to humanism. It caused the social change that shifted artists' approach to the human body from the sense of shame and modesty of the Middle Ages to portraying figures in their basic form. An example of such a transition where the human body became manifest as uncovered and exposed to the viewer in the most natural way is Michelangelo's David. Classical antiquity dates back to the 8th century BC spanning across Ancient Greco-Roman civilization until the decline of the Roman Empire. Italian Renaissance artists drew inspiration from the remains of the Greco-Roman world with the hopes of rediscovering classical antiquity. After the Late Middle Ages crisis, Europe experienced a radical cultural change at the dawn of humanism revival, marking the transition to a new era that became widely known as the Renaissance.

Featured Artists

Hieronymus Bosch

Dutch, 1450-1516

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

Italian, 1598-1680


Italian, 1483-1520


Italian, 1475-1564

Leonardo da Vinci

Italian, 1452-1519

Notable Works

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