Raffaello Santi (1483-1520) was born in Urbino to his mather Magia di Giovanbattista Ciarla and his father, Giovanni Santi, who was also an artist. His father died when Raphael was only 11 leaving him the family workshop where the young artist could further develop his talent. Raphael grew up around some greatest artists of all time, amid the competition between Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci for being the most prominent artist of the High Renaissance. At the age of 25, the young artist travelled to Rome during many significant projects that were taking place there. One of them was the reconstruction of St. Peter’s basilica commissioned by Pope Julius 2, who wanted to change the image of the Vatican. Raphael left a significant impact on the overall transition from the middle ages and can be considered one of the dominant and influential artists of the High Renaissance.