Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (1475-1564) was a prominent figure of the Renaissance and one of the greatest artists in history. Growing up in the Republic of Florence, he became increasingly interested in architecture, sculpture and painting. Michelangelo went to Rome to further develop his talent for creating beauty and offer it a great measure to the Catholic Church. Michelangelo influenced the revival of art by making the magnificent ceiling in the Sistine Chapel, where he decorated the altar wall with a fresco depicting The Last Judgement. However, sculpturing was the highest art form to Michelangelo, who imagined a captured figure in a stone block before carving it into shape.